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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables
  • Interactive Media

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Annual Change in Primary Energy Consumption

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  • This interactive map, chart, and table shows the annual primary energy consumption by country, starting in 1966.
  • The maps can be adjusted to view the same data by region.
  • It gives a graphical representation of the consumption of energy from history and can help to provide a projection towards the future.
Teaching Tips


  • The map is interactive and available online free.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.


  • Can be used to analyze concretely the effects of the pandemic and the lockdown from 2019 onwards.
  • There are other related interactive maps for measuring similar parameters.
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Scientist Notes

Datasets for country's primary energy source are accurate. Where data is missing, shift energy figures have been supplemented. Annual change or variability in primary energy consumption for countries under study is examined in this resource, and it is recommended for teaching.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • PS3: Energy
      • HS-PS3-1 Create a computational model to calculate the change in the energy of one component in a system when the change in energy of the other component(s) and energy flows in and out of the system are known.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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