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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Annual CO2 Emissions from Cement

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  • This interactive line graph, map, and data table show the annual CO2 emissions from cement in different countries.
  • Students can interact with the line graph to compare the parameters for any country or continent.
Teaching Tips


  • The resource provides three ways for students to explore data (line graph, map, and table).
  • Related research and data sources are linked in the Sources section.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Educators should take time to get familiar with this interactive resource.


  • World history teachers could ask students to use their knowledge of history to predict which countries or regions of the world produced the most CO2 emissions from cement in 1750, 1850, 1950, and 2021. After students have made their predictions have them use the map to check their answers. In small groups, students can discuss what surprised them about the data and what did not surprise them about the data.
  • After examining the data in this resource, science classes could watch this video on carbon emissions and cement and discuss whether or not the countries currently producing the highest carbon emissions from cement production could lower the emissions by changing the way they manufacture cement.

Scientist Notes

This resource highlights annual CO2 emissions from cement production normalized with a conversion factor of 3.664. The method used is appropriate. Students can explore this resource to gain knowledge on countries with net importers and exporters of CO2 emissions from cement production. The resource is recommended for teaching.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Geography
      • D2.Geo.5.9-12 Evaluate how political and economic decisions throughout time have influenced cultural and environmental characteristics of various places and regions.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.5 Use data from a randomized experiment to compare two treatments; use simulations to decide if differences between parameters are significant.
  • Related Resources


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