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Stay Grounded


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Economics

Resource Type

  • Scientific Papers or Reports

Regional Focus




Aviation Greenwashing Fact Sheet - Synthetic Electro-fuels

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  • This fact sheet debunks common greenwashing techniques in the aviation industry related to synthetic electro-fuels. 
Teaching Tips


  • This is a relatively new technology, so many students will be learning about it for the first time.
  • The two infographics bring the data to life.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Synthetic electro-fuels face similar problems as electric flight and hydrogen flight. This process simply uses too much electricity that could be used to decarbonize other sectors like transportation and buildings.
  • This is part of a series of greenwashing fact sheets from Stay Grounded.
  • Stay Grounded is a Europe-based network of groups aiming to reduce emissions from aviation.


  • In English class, students could research different airlines like United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta, Qantas, Emirates, Southwest, or EasyJet. Groups of students could review their marketing materials related to synthetic electro-fuels to see if the companies are greenwashing or not.
  • Science classes could read and discuss this fact sheet after learning about the Fischer-Tropsch process.
  • You could also share this video that explains greenwashing and how to see through greenwashing.
  • Other greenwashing fact sheets from Stay Grounded include efficiency improvements, electric flight, hydrogen flight, and biofuels.
Scientist Notes
The resource underscores e-fuels and how it can decarbonize non-CO2 emissions in the aviation industry. It is insightful to note that its application can increase NOx levels in the atmosphere. This resource is recommended for teaching.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Economics
      • D2.Eco.11.9-12 Use economic indicators to analyze the current and future state of the economy.
      • D2.Eco.15.9-12 Explain how current globalization trends and policies affect economic growth, labor markets, rights of citizens, the environment, and resource and income distribution in different nations.
    • Dimension 3: Gathering and Evaluating Sources
      • D3.2.9-12 Evaluate the credibility of a source by examining how experts value the source.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.10 By the end of grade 12, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 11-CCR text complexity band independently and proficiently.
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