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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Global Primary Energy Consumption by Source

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  • This interactive and colorful chart shows the global primary energy consumption by source.
  • Data begins in the year 1800 and includes traditional biomass, coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydropower, wind, solar, modern biofuels, and other renewables.
  • Various related resources and data are linked on the page.

Teaching Tips


  • The chart can be downloaded as a PNG or SVG image and CSV file.


  • Students should be familiar with these terms: natural resources, renewable energy, nonrenewable energy, and energy consumption.


  • Some assistance may be needed for younger students to read this graph and to understand the different variables.
  • These students could also use a graphic organizer that explains different energy sources.
  • Have students research and discuss ways they can be actively involved in cutting their own energy consumption by creating a "no energy waste" poster.
  • Ask students to discuss and analyze the data presented in the chart with partners.
  • Encourage students to use their persuasive speaking skills to convince their classmates that renewable energy is better than fossil fuels.
  • As an extension, students can create an optimal renewable energy consumption plan for a community that meets specific criteria, conduct research on a specific country and its energy consumption, or have students pick one of the energy sources to complete a jigsaw activity.
Scientist Notes
Method used for energy conversion is appropriate. The resource is suitable and recommended for teaching.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
      • HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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